The Urim and Thummim were used as a God-prescribed means of inductive prophecy, especially during the time before the monarchy in Israel. It does not appear to be used as much during the time of the monarchy, perhaps because of the prominence of the prophets. Although the exact identity of the Urim and Thummim was lost by the third century B.C., most likely it was two stones connected to the breastplate of the priest (Exodus 28:30; Leviticus 8:8); it was also closely connected to the ephod in biblical descriptions. We don’t know how exactly it was utilized, but in some way it seems, from such accounts as Saul’s seeking God’s direction and failing to receive it (1 Samuel 28:6), that this — along with dreams and visions — was one of God’s ordinary means of communicating his will to his people (Numbers 27:21). Today, of course, we have God's Word, the Bible, which is applied and empowered by the Spirit of God and is the all-sufficient means of direction and communication from God to us (2 Timothy 3:15-17)!
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